4 February 1778 — 9 September 1841
The Swiss botanist A. P. de Candolle was a forceful advocate of the "natural system." His elaboration of this scheme of classification, especially as proposed by A. L. de Jussieu, informed all his taxonomic work. He studied in Paris and was professor of botany at the University of Montpellier. In 1816 he returned to Geneva, his birthplace, where he worked for the rest of his life. He founded the botanical garden, which became the Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques and now houses his herbarium, separately from the general collection.
Candolle initiated the "Prodromus," a work intended as a species-level account of the world's flora. He wrote most of the first seven volumes himself. After his death his son Alphonse continued the series, as author and editor of treatments by specialists, for an additional 10 volumes; Alphonse's son Casimir was among the contributors.
A. P. de Candolle's account of the Malpighiaceae in volume 1 (1824) of the "Prodromus" formed the basis for future studies of the family, especially the first family monograph by Adrien de Jussieu. Candolle recognized 16 genera, assigned to three tribes – Tribe Malpighieae: Malpighia, Byrsonima, Bunchosia, Galphimia, Caucanthus; Tribe Hiptageae: Hiptage, Tristellateia, Thryallis (=Galphimia), Gaudichaudia, Camarea; Tribe Banisterieae: Hiraea, Triopterys (=Mascagnia), Tetrapterys, Banisteria, Heteropterys.