17 April 1814 — 9 May 1879
The German botanist August Grisebach devoted his studies to systematics of flowering plants and phytogeography. Much of his pioneering book, "Die Vegetation der Erde" (1872), is based on observations gathered during journeys in Europe and the Near East, and on numerous floristic and taxonomic studies, especially of the Malpighiaceae and the Gentianaceae. Grisebach studied in Berlin and became professor of botany at the University of Goettingen, where he also assumed the directorship of the botanical garden. His own large herbarium is now part of the Herbarium Goettingen.
Grisebach's first publication on Malpighiaceae was his article "Malpighiacearum brasiliensium centuriam" (1839) in which he described many new species. His most influential work on the family is his account for Martius's "Flora brasiliensis" (vol. 12.1, 1858). He presented additional work on Malpighiaceae in his "Flora of the British West Indian Islands" (1859–64), "Plantae wrightianae" (1860-62), "Catalogus plantarum cubensium" (1866), "Plantae lorentzianae" (1874), and "Symbolae ad floram argentinam" (1879). Grisebach proposed the genera Blepharandra, Dicella, Henlea (=Henleophytum), Malacmaea (=Bunchosia), and Mionandra.