23 December 1797 – 29 June 1853
Adrien de Jussieu succeeded his father, A. L. de Jussieu, as professor of botany at the Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle in Paris in 1826. He published major works on Euphorbiaceae, Malpighiaceae, and Rutaceae. Type specimens for names he published are to be found in the general herbarium of the Muséum as well as in the private herbarium owned by his family, which came to the Muséum after his death and is kept separately as the Jussieu Herbarium.
Jussieu treated the Malpighiaceae for Saint-Hilaire's "Flora brasiliae meridionalis" (v. 3, 1833) and for Delessert's "Icones selectae plantarum" (v. 3, 1838). His article Malpighiacearum synopsis" (1840) included new genera and many new species, and set the stage for the splendid first monograph of the family, "Monographie des malpighiacées" (1843), which was superseded only in 1928 by Niedenzu's account of the family for "Das Pflanzenreich."
Jussieu astutely evaluated generic limits, especially in light of collections that had become available since Candolle's treatment of the Malpighiaceae in vol. 1 of the "Prodromus" (1823). He described 19 new genera, based on new collections or discerned from within too broadly defined established genera: Aspidopterys, Brachypterys (=Stigmaphyllon), Burdachia, Coleostachys, Dinemagonum, Dinemandra, Diplopterys, Echinopterys, Heladena, Janusia, Jubelina, Lophanthera, Lophopterys, Peixotoa, Pterandra, Ryssopterys (=Stigmaphyllon), Spachea, and Verrucularia.